Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries, WHY NOW?

Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries

The Case for Rights and Redress


“Eighth is the importance of the principle of reconciliation. In the case studies of major conflicts in which state-sanctioned violations have been perpetrated against victim populations, the basic principles of victim rights – the right to memory, the duty of remembrance, the pursuit of truth, the right to justice and redress, the duty of accountability, and the duty of State Responsibility –

have all been demonstrated to be prerequisites to reconciliations between peoples as well as between states. Accordingly, the integrity of the Middle East peace process requires an acknowledgement of the

truth and justice that underpin the conflict – particularly as it pertains to the Jewish refugee population. Not only has this been ignored in terms of the Jewish victim population, but it has been utterly excluded from any narrative of justice, accountability, and peace.

None of this is intended to argue against the Palestinian right of redress nor intended to diminish the suffering of the Palestinian population, nor their plight, nor their victimization.

Rather, the point is that the rights to redress of Jewish refugees from Arab countries are at least as compelling as those of the Palestinians; yet, Jewish rights have been historically ignored and excluded from any consideration, and continuing this distorted policy and practice would be to perpetuate a historic injustice.

The time has come, therefore, to rectify this historical injustice by restoring the plight and truth and justice of Jewish refugees from Arab countries to the Middle East narrative from which they have been expunged and eclipsed.

Simply put, any narrative on the Middle East that does not include justice for Jewish refugees is a case study in Middle East revisionism. It is an assault on truth, memory and justice. Rights for Jewish refugees from Arab countries have to be part of any narrative – any peace process – any decision-making – if that narrative or peace process or decision-making is going to have integrity, credibility, and legitimacy.

In particular, the United Nations must bear express responsibility for this distorted narrative.

Indeed, the U.N. is a case study in Middle East revisionism. Since 1947, there have been 842 resolutions adopted by the U.N. General Assembly that have dealt with the Arab-Israeli conflict.

There have been 126 resolutions that have specifically dealt with the Palestinian refugee plight.

In none of these U.N. Resolutions on the Middle East is there any reference to, nor any expression of concern for, the plight of the 856,000 Jews living in, or having been displaced from, Arab countries.

As well, numerous U.N. agencies and organizations were involved in a variety of efforts, or

others were specifically created, to provide protection, relief, and assistance to Palestinian

refugees. Again, no such attention and assistance were forthcoming from these U.N. agencies for Jewish refugees from Arab countries.

Moreover, since 1947, billions of dollars have been spent by the international community – by the U.N. and its affiliated entities and member states – to provide relief and assistance to Palestinian refugees. During that same period, not withstanding requests by international Jewish relief organizations, no such international financial support was ever provided to ameliorate the plight of Jewish refugees.”

© Justice for Jews from Arab Countries <;



About johnmhummasti

Was the victim of Human Rights Abuses (e.g. Hummasti v Bell, 98-3651-JTC) while a patient in the custody of the US Attorney General and hospitalized under 18 USC 4241 through 4244, et seq.! Interests: Biblical Studies, Talmudic Studies, Dead Sea (Yam Melek [Sea of Kings Soferim]) Scrolls, Scribal (Stam Sofer) Traditions, Cantorial (Hazzan) Psalms (Tehillim). Illustrated Calligraphy (e.g. Ketuvim [Jewish Marriage Contracts], Poetry). Self Published Manuscripts and Screen Plays at yhummastiscribd web site:
This entry was posted in Conflict Resolution, History, Israel, Jerusalem, Peace Process, Refugees, Zionism. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries, WHY NOW?

  1. In Iraq21, anti-Jewish rioting broke out after the establishment of Israel in 1948. The propagation of Zionism became a crime punishable by seven years imprisonment22. No foreign Jew was allowed to enter Iraq even in transit23.
    In 1950, Iraqi Jews were permitted to leave the country within a year provided they forfeited their
    citizenship. The property of Jews who emigrated was frozen24. From 1949 to 1951, 124,000 Jews were evacuated, or smuggled out through Iran.
    In 1952, the permission to leave was cancelled and Jews were barred from emigrating. In 1963, Jews were forbidden to sell their property and forced to carry yellow identity cards. After the 1967 Six Day War, many of the remaining 3,000 Jews were arrested and dismissed from their jobs. Jewish property was expropriated and bank accounts were frozen. Jews were dismissed from public posts.
    Jewish businesses were shut and trading permits that had been granted to Jews were cancelled.
    Even telephones of Jewish customers were disconnected. Jews were placed under house arrest or required to remain within the cities. In 1968, dozens of Jews were jailed for alleged involvement with a spy ring and tortured. Some died of the torture. Fourteen accused, including eleven Jews, were sentenced to death in show trials and, in January 1969, were hanged in public25.
    By the early 1970’s most of the remaining Jews had fled with tacit Baghdad acquiescence. In 1973, the government pressured those few elderly Jews who remained to turn over title, without compensation, to more than $200 million worth of Jewish community property the fleeing Jewish
    community had left behind26.
    © Justice for Jews from Arab Countries


  2. For Jewish refugees from Arab countries, redress can take many forms. By way of example:
    • In South Africa, to redress past injustices, Truth and Reconciliation Commissions were
    established where the white minority had to acknowledge the historical narrative, and
    accept responsibility for their ill treatment of the black majority. The Arab world has
    never acknowledged, nor assumed responsibility for the ill treatment, and displacement
    of their Jewish populations.
    • Redress might be establishing Chairs at prominent universities to promote and preserve
    the rich Sephardic heritage and legacy.
    • Redress could entail the establishment of Foundations to protect and preserve holy sites
    in Arab countries where there are no longer any Jews or Jewish communities; or
    • Redress could also be compensation, because it there is to be compensation for one
    refugee population – Palestinians – there must also be compensation for Jewish refugees
    from Arab countries. © Justice for Jews from Arab Countries


  3. US House Congressional Resolution311 – 108th Congress (2003-2004) Expressing the sense of Congress that the international community should recognize the plight of Jewish refugees from Arab countries and that the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East should establish a program for resettling Palestinian refugees.


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