In November 1947, the U.S. military government promulgated Law Number 59 on the Restitution of Property Stolen During the Course of “Aryanization of the Economy.” This martial law created the first set of legal procedures for the restitution of property taken from Jewish persons during the Nazi period. This first law focused on the restitution of property to individuals or, alternatively, the provision of monetary compensation for losses. Under this law, legal remedies were available only to individuals who could prove property loss. This martial law did not provide for collective rights for reparations. That right would be created later in the Luxembourg Agreement.
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