Jewish Property Claims Against Arab Countries

Jewish Property Claims Against Arab Countries

Michael R. Fischbach

Columbia University Press

 

In the twenty years that followed the Arab-Israeli war of 1948, 800,000 Jews left their homes in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Morocco, and several other Arab countries. Although the causes of this exodus varied, restrictive governmental measures and an outburst of anti-Semitic feeling during and after the war were major factors. Some of these “Mizrahi” Jews, most of whom were not active Zionists, were forced to leave behind property of great financial and ancestral value-property that was sometimes seized by the governments of the countries they fled.

In this book, Michael R. Fischbach, who has dedicated years to studying land and property ownership in the context of the Arab-Israeli conflict, reconstructs the circumstances in which Jewish communities left the Arab world. Conducting meticulous and exhaustive research in the archives of Washington D.C., Jerusalem, London, New York, and elsewhere, Fischbach offers the most authoritative estimates to date of the value of the property left behind. He also describes the process by which various actors, most importantly the State of Israel, linked the resolution of Jewish property claims to the fate of Palestinian refugee property claims following the 1948 war.

Fischbach considers the implications of contemporary developments, such as America’s invasion of Iraq, Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, and Libya’s attempt to shed its international pariah status, which have impacted pending claims and will affect claims in the future. Overall, he finds that many international Jewish organizations have supported the link between the claims of Mizrahi Jews and those of Palestinian refugees, hindering serious efforts to obtain restitution or compensation.

About the Author

Michael R. Fischbach is professor of history at Randolph-Macon College. His Records of Dispossession: Palestinian Refugee Property and the Arab-Israeli Conflict received Honorable Mention at the first annual Benjamin L. Hooks Outstanding Book Award Contest. He is also the author of State, Society, and Land in Jordan and The Peace Process and Palestinian Refugee Claims: Addressing Claims for Property Compensation and Restitution, and the editor-in-chief of The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa.

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the Taskeet, the period of the mass Jewish exodus from Iraq to Israel in 1950.

 

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About johnmhummasti

Was the victim of Human Rights Abuses (e.g. Hummasti v Bell, 98-3651-JTC) while a patient in the custody of the US Attorney General and hospitalized under 18 USC 4241 through 4244, et seq.! Interests: Biblical Studies, Talmudic Studies, Dead Sea (Yam Melek [Sea of Kings Soferim]) Scrolls, Scribal (Stam Sofer) Traditions, Cantorial (Hazzan) Psalms (Tehillim). Illustrated Calligraphy (e.g. Ketuvim [Jewish Marriage Contracts], Poetry). Self Published Manuscripts and Screen Plays at yhummastiscribd web site:
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